Mobile devices are the fastest growing digital platforms today, offering a multitude of enterprise solutions to leverage. Smartphones are among the most popular devices used to browse the Internet, having a market share of 80% of total Internet users. And highly robust and interactive mobile applications are the best way to target this fast growing and lucrative mobile market. This is because 89% of total mobile media time is spent on mobile apps.
Programming Languages for mobile apps
Modern businesses and software companies are delving into every possible app scenario to run on Smartphones, tablets and even smart watches. However, their biggest challenge to address is: How to make mobile app development happen? Which programming language is the right choice to build cutting-edge mobile apps?
When you choose a programming language for app development, you have to consider your app goal, target audience and business strategy. Every mobile platform requires unique coding. Developers either have to write new code for each app or reuse a single code for various versions of the app and for different platforms using the same language. Therefore, it is important to choose the right programming language to make the app development process seamless and build the best app.
Discussed here are the top 7 programming languages used for mobile application development:
Undoubtedly one of the most widely used programming language; HTML5 is the ideal option to create web-front applications for mobile devices. It makes different data types easy to insert, level browser playing field, rationalize input parameters, and account for varied screen sizes and resolution. The good news is that you do not have to create different apps for different mobile platforms; HTML5 can be easily scaled to work across every operating system, browser or device. Additionally, apps built with this programming language demands less maintenance than native apps because they support one code base. HTML is also SEO-friendly in nature, and a cost-effective solution for multi-platform app development.
For those who want to build intuitive mobile apps for Windows Phone and Android, C++ is one of the best tools and a robust programming language. The advantage of low-level programming makes it an ideal choice for many mobile app developers. It is a powerful and highly scalable programming language that allows building apps for practically every platform or purpose. The language is seamlessly transformed from human-understandable code to low-level machine code, which makes it run faster than other languages like Java, Python or C#. At the same time, it does not require an interpreter or run-time environment C++ might not be trendy or ultra chic, but has been ruling the programming world way before the mobile revolution.
The object-oriented programming language is commonly used for building apps on mobile and MacOS operating systems. Objective-oriented programming language means that the code will be written around unique “objects” that comprise of their own logic and data. The process requires thorough planning. However, the language makes it exceptionally easier for programmers because only minimal time is spent on long strings of code. It builds “classes” for objects that specify attributes and functions, and then create other objects using the classes. Anointed by Apple, Objective-C is the best tool to build apps for iPhone or iPad.
Despite being comparatively new in the market, Swift has conveniently made its place to the top programming languages for mobile app development. In fact, it has replaced Objective-C as the primary iOS coding language, and is capable of working with the same by leveraging Cocoa and Cocoa Touch frameworks in iOS. The syntax is more developer-friendly and concise, and it used LLVM compiler that ensures great app performance. It has been built to eliminate the possibility of security vulnerabilities being present with Objective-C, and therefore, more and more app developers are considering switching to Swift to build robust and interactive apps on iOS platform.
Though precisely not a programming language, Corona SDK or Software Development Kit allows developers to create mobile apps for iPhone, iPad and Android, and desktop apps for Windows and OS X. It allows programmers to use Lua, which is layered on top of OpenGL/C++, to create astounding graphics applications. Also includes an emulator, which allows running the program instantly without the need to compile the code. It is free to use; however, if you want to use upgraded features, you have to pay a certain fee.
C# has an integral role to play in the world of Microsoft as does Objective-C in Apple’s. It is just an expansion of C programming language that addresses unique features of the environment. It is the most preferred programming language for Windows Phone mobile app development. Despite that Windows Phone couldn’t make a strong footprint in the market, for loyal Microsoft users, C# is the ideal programming language to build highly robust and scalable Windows Phone apps.
Considering the top 7 programming languages discussed above, it is up to you to determine which the ideal choice for your app development needs is. It all depends on the type of app you want to build and what features it should have.